Prenatal Diagnosis dan Penatalaksanaan Gastroskisis

William Alexander Setiawan

Abstract


Gastroskisis merupakan defek kongenital yang terjadi pada dinding abdomen janin. Kejadian yang dilaporkan di seluruh dunia berkisar antara 4-5 per 10.000 kelahiran hidup. Mortalitas pada bayi yang lahir dengan gastroschisis telah menurun selama bertahun-tahun tetapi morbiditas masih tetap tinggi. Diperlukan prenatal diagnosis yang optimal agar proses melahirkan bisa dipersiapkan sebaik mungkin. Pada prenatal diagnosis dilakukan penilaian defek kongenital lainnya agar hasil klinis lebih baik dengan manajemen lebih awal, selain itu dilakukan juga penilaian untuk menentukan adanya kelainan kromosom atau tidak. Apabila kelainan tersebut bersifat isolated, maka hasil klinis akan lebih baik dibandingkan gastroschisis dengan kelainan kromosom. Metode persalinan dan waktu persalinan yang direkomendasikan yaitu pada usia kehamilan 37 minggu dengan metode sectio caesarea. Manajemen neonatal meliputi persalinan di fasilitas kesehatan tersier dan manajemen bedah paska kelahiran yaitu penutupan bedah primer, penutupan bertahap dengan silo, atau penutupan umbilikal tanpa jahitan.


Keywords


Defek kongenital, gastroskisis, prenatal diagnosis

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24198/obgynia.v2n2.125

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