Pemulihan Motilitas Usus yang Terlambat Lebih Sering terjadi pada Operasi Onkologi Ginekologi

Adrian Goenawan, Herman Susanto, Siti Salima

Abstract


Abstrak
Tujuan: Komplikasi selama operasi dan pasca operasi tetap menjadi beban bagi ahli bedah dan pasien serta keluarga mereka juga. Ileus adalah salah satunya, terutama di pembedahan pada rongga peritoneum. Keterlambatan dalam pemulihan motilitas usus dapat menyebabkan ileus. Prosedur sederhana untuk memeriksa pemulihan motilitas usus adalah dengan memeriksa onset bising usus, flatus dan BAB.
Metode: Secara retrospektif catatan wanita yang menjalani operasi ginekologi mayor (kelompok A) atau operasi onkologi (kelompok B) dan dievaluasi berdasarkan usia dan indikasi operasi. Hasil darah pra operasi, lama operasi, dan komplikasi selama operasi dicatat. Permulaan bising usus, flatus dan BAB dianalisis dan dibandingkan antara kedua kelompok.
Hasil: Sebanyak 889 pasient tidak ada perbedaan antara kelompok usia, kadar hemoglobin serum pra dan pascaoperasi, leukosit sebelum dan sesudah operasi, memerlukan transfusi darah (p> 0,05), namun terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan pada lama operasi.
Kesimpulan: Pemulihan motilitas usus lebih awal pada pasien yang menjalani operasi ginekologi dibandingkan dengan kelompok onkologi baik secara klinis maupun secara statistik.

Kata kunci: motilitas usus, ileus, pasca operasi, ginekologi, onkologi

Delayed Recovery of Intestinal Motility Occurs more Common in
Oncology Gynecology Operation

Abstract
Background: Complications during operation and postoperatively remain the burden for the surgeon and patients and their relatives as well. Ileus is one of those, especially those enters the peritoneal cavity. Delay in the recovery of intestinal motility can cause ileus. Simple procedures to check the recovery of intestinal motility are by checking the onset of bowel sound, flatulence and return of bowel movement.
Methods: We retrospectively identified records of women who underwent major gynecologic surgery (group A) or oncologic surgery (group B). All patients were evaluated by age, relevant medical history, previous surgery, and indication for operation. Preoperative blood results, duration of operation, and complication during the operation were noted. Onset of bowel sound, flatulence and return of bowel movement analyzed and compared between the two groups.
Results: Total of 889 patients were studied. There was no difference between groups in term of age, pre- and postoperative serum hemoglobin, pre- and postoperative leucocyte, needing blood transfusion and duration of operation (p>0.05).
Conclusion: There is earlier recovery of intestinal motility in patients undergone gynecologic surgery compared to those in the oncologic groups, clinically and statistically significant.

Keywords: intestinal motility, ileus, postoperative, gynecology, oncology




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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24198/obgynia.v1n1.2

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