Perbedaan antara Jenis dan Derajat Kelainan Jantung serta Jenis Persalinan terhadap Outcome Ibu dan Bayi pada Kehamilan dengan Penyakit Jantung

Cytta Nirmala, Johanes C Mose, Muhammad Alamsyah Aziz, Jusuf Sulaeman Effendi, Benny Hasan Purwara, Adhi Pribadi


Tujuan: Penelitian ini dilakukan upaya untuk menilai karakteristik dan outcome kehamilan dengan kelainan jantung baik pada ibu dan bayi di RSUP dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung dari tahun 2015 sampai 2017.
Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional analitik (cross-sectional). Subjek penelitian adalah semua ibu hamil dengan kelainan jantung yang menjalani persalinan di RSUP dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung dari tahun 2015 − 2017 dengan menggunakan data sekunder.
Hasil: Selama periode penelitian sebanyak 76 sampel penelitian yang diperoleh. Pada penelitian ini usia rata-rata ibu adalah 30 tahun, paling banyak pada paritas 1 dan 3 yaitu sebesar 31,6%. Usia kehamilan saat terjadi persalinan  > 37 minggu sebanyak 53,9%. Lama perawatan pasien rata-rata 7 sampai 8 hari dengan ruang rawat yang paling banyak adalah ICU sebanyak 32,9%, dan ruang rawat biasa sebesar 39.5%. Jenis kelainan jantung yang paling sering adalah kardiomiopati peripartum dan hipertensi, yaitu sebesar 42,1%. Jenis persalinan yang banyak dilakukan adalah seksio sesarea yaitu sebesar 64,5%. Penelitian ini memperoleh bahwa ibu dengan kelainan jantung yang hidup sebesar 88,2% dan meninggal sebesar 11,8% setelah menjalani persalinan.
Kesimpulan: Ada perbedaan antara derajat kelainan jantung berdasarkan NYHA (New York Heart Association) dengan outcome ibu dan bayi pada kehamilan dengan kelainan jantung.

Differences between Types and Degrees of Heart Disorders and Types of Labor in the Outcome of Mothers and Babies in Pregnancy with Heart Disease

Objective: through this research conducted efforts to assess the characteristics and outcome of pregnancy with cardiac disease both in mother and infant in dr dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung from year 2015 to 2017.
Method: an observational analytic (cross-sectional) research with subjects were all pregnant women with cardiac abnormalities who underwent delivery at dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung from 2015 to 2017 using secondary data.
Results:During the research period as many as 76 samples obtained. In this study the average age of the mother is 30 years, most at parity 1 and 3 that is equal to 31.6%, age of pregnancy during labor> 37 weeks by 53.9%. The average length of patient care was 7 to 8 days with the most hospital room was ICU of 32.9% and the regular room was 39.5%. The most common types of heart disorders are peripartum cardiomyopathy and hypertensive heart disease, which is 42.1%. Type of delivery mostly by cesarean section that is equal to 64.5%. The study found that mothers with heart abnormalities were 88.2% alive and died of 11.8% after going through labor.
Conclusion: There is a difference between the degree of cardiac abnormalities based on NYHA (New York Heart Association)  classification with maternal and infant outcomes in pregnancy with cardiac abnormalities.

Key words: Type and Degree of Heart Abnormality, Type of Birth, Outcome of Mother and Infant


Jenis dan Derajat Kelainan Jantung, Jenis Persalinan, Outcome Ibu dan Bayi

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KSM/Dep Obstetri & Ginekologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Padjadjaran RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin

Jl. Pasteur No 38 Bandung 40161 

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