Characteristics of Infertility Causes in Patients Undergoing in Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

Ida Bagus Putra Adnyana, Ida Bagus Rendra Kurniawan Artha, Anton Tanjung, Luthfi Rahman


Tujuan: Penelitian dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui karakteristik faktor penyebab infertilitas pada pasangan yang menjalani in-vitro fertilization (IVF) di Klinik Bayi Tabung Rumah Sakit Umum Bali Royal Hospital periode Januari Desember 2019.

Metode: Penelitian ini adalah penelitian deskriptif observasional dengan populasi target penelitian adalah pasangan infertil yang datang ke Klinik Bayi Tabung Rumah Sakit Umum (RSU) Bali Royal Hospital dengan tindakan IVF pada tahun 2019. Data selanjutnya diolah berdasarkan karakteristik sampel, faktor istri, faktor suami, serta faktor lainnya. 

Hasil: Pada periode 1 Januari–31 Desember 2019, tercatat sebanyak 174 kasus pasien infertilitas. Pada penelitian ini diperoleh bahwa 60,23% terjadi gangguan pada tuba yang merupakan penyebab tertinggi pada kelompok istri, sedangkan gangguan sperma berupa oligoasthenoteratozoospermia (81,82%) merupakan hasil paling tinggi pada kelompok suami. kelainan lainnya yang mengganggu proses fertilisasi pada penelitian ini adalah terdapatnya kelainan uterus pada 23,36% pasangan.

Kesimpulan: Faktor kelainan tuba dan oligoastenoteratozoospermia merupakan karakteristik penyebab terbanyak
infertilitas pada pasangan yang dilakukan IVF

Kata kunci: Infertilitas, IVF,Kelainan tuba, Oligoasthenoteratozoospermia

Characteristics of Infertility Causes in Patients Undergoing in Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

Objective: The study was done to determine the characteristics of infertility cause in couples undergoing in-vitro
fertilization in in-vitro fertilization clinic Bali Royal Hospital Denpasar on January–December 2019.
Method: This was an observational descriptive study with study population of infertile couples that went to in-vitro fertilization clinic at Bali Royal Hospital Denpasar for IVF on 2019. The data obtained will be described based on
sample characteristics, female factor, male factor and other factors.
Result: In one-year period of 1 January–31 December 2019, there were 174 infertile cases included in this study. In this study, we concluded that the most common cause for female factor was tubal problems (60.23%), and for male factor was oligoasthenoteratozoosperm (81.82%), another abnormalities that affect couples fertility were uterus abnormalities (23.26%)
Conclusion: Fallopian tube abnormalities and oligoastenoteratozoospermia were the most common causes of infertility in couples with IVF

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