Analisis Kadar Hemoglobin dan Hematokrit Maternal terhadap Kejadian Bayi Berat Lahir Rendah di Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung

Kendry Savira Yordian, Hanom Husni Syam, Adhi Pribadi

Abstract


Pendahuluan: Bayi berat lahir rendah (BBLR) merupakan salah satu penyumbang terbesar angka kematian bayi (AKB). Salah satu faktor risiko utama terjadinya BBLR adalah anemia dan kadar hematokrit yang rendah. Bayi yang memiliki berat lahir rendah  mempunyai efek jangka pendek maupun panjang terhadap bayi tersebut dengan tingkat morbiditas dan mortalitas yang tinggi.
Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan desain observasional analitik dengan mengumpulkan data rekam medis ibu hamil aterm yang melahirkan di Rumah sakit Hasan Sadikin  periode Januari – Desember 2019
Hasil: Dari 40 sampel ibu hamil aterm anemia dan tidak anemia dengan rata rata usia 26,8 tahun didapatkan nilai rerata berat bayi pada ibu hamil aterm anemia adalah 2435 gram dan rerata berat badan bayi pada ibu hamil aterm tanpa anemia adalah 2691 gram. Berdasarkan hasil perhitungan uji chi square bahwa terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara hemoglobin dengan kejadian BBLR (p=0,0023<0,05), serta terdapat pula hubungan yang signifikan antara hematokrit dengan kejadian BBLR (p=0,003<0,05).
Kesimpulan: Terdapat hubungan bermakna antara anemia dan kadar hematokrit  pada ibu hamil aterm dengan berat bayi lahir rendah di Rumah sakit Hasan Sadikin.

Analysis of Hemoglobin Levels and Maternal Hematocrit on the Event of Low Birth Weight in Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung Hospital

Abstract
Introduction: Low birth weight (LBW) is one of the largest contributors to infant mortality rates (AKB). One of the main risk factors for BBLR is anemia and low hematocrit levels. Babies with low birth weight have both short and long-term effects on the baby with high morbidity and mortality rates.
Method: This study used an observational analytic design by collecting medical records of aterm pregnant women who gave birth at Hasan Sadikin Hospital from January to December 2019
Result: Of the 40 samples of pregnant women with anemia and non-anemia with an average age of 26.8 years obtained the average weight of the baby in pregnant women aterm anemia was 2470 grams and the average infant weight in pregnant women without anemia was 2650 grams. Based on the chi square test calculations that there is a significant relationship between hemoglobin and BBLR events (p=0.0023<0.05), and there is also a significant relationship between hematocrit and BBLR events (p=0.014<0.05).
Conclusion:  It can concluded that there is a significant correlation between anaemia in
aterm pregnancy and low birth baby weight in Rumah sakit Hasan Sadikin.

Key words: anemia hematocrit, term pregnancy, low birth weight


Keywords


Anemia,hematokrit, hamil aterm, BBLR.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24198/obgynia/v4n2.261

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