Apa itu Turun Peranakan

M. Rizkar Arev Sukarsa, Aditya Wibowo, Arieff Kustiandi


Abstract


Tujuan untuk mengetahui lebih dalam tentang turun peranakan atau prolaps alat genitalia dapat disamakan dengan suatu hernia, dimana suatu organ genitalia turun ke dalam vagina, bahkan mungkin keluar liang vagina. Hal ini karena kelemahan otot fasia dan ligamen penyokongnya. Kerusakan pada penyangga vagina dapat terjadi dalam satu lokasi saja (misalnya, dinding vagina anterior saja), tetapi lebih sering terjadi kombinasi. Metode merangkum daftar referensi terupdate sebagai bahan artikel yang dapat menjadi pedoman dan tatalaksana prolaps organ panggul. Hasil tidak semua prolaps alat genitalia membutuhkan terapi, karena banyak penderita tidak mempunyai keluhan, terutama stadium I dan kadang-kadang stadium II. Pada mereka yang mempunyai keluhan tentu perlu penanganan dengan tepat agar penderita merasa lebih baik. Prolaps uteri stadium II dan III dipilih vaginal histerektomi dan disertai dengan kolporafi anterior dan kolpoperineorafi, Hal ini terutama bila penderita sudah mengalami manaupose atau tidak memerlukan lagi organ reproduksi. Kesimpulan, walaupun tidak mengancam nyawa, akan tetapi prolapsus alat genitalia dapat menurunkan kualitas hidup wanita.

What is Prolapse

Abstract
Purpose to find out more about descent or genital prolapse can be likened to a hernia, in which a genital organ descends into the vagina, possibly even out of the vaginal canal. This is due to weakness of the fascial muscles and ligaments that support them. Damage to the vaginal support can occur in one location only (eg, anterior vaginal wall only), but is more common in combination. Although it does not cause death, pelvic organ prolapse can reduce the quality of life for women. Method summarize an updated list of references as material for articles that can guide and treat pelvic organ prolapse. Result not all prolapse of the genitalia needed therapy, because many patients had no complaints, especially stage I and sometimes stage II. Those who have complaints, of course, need to be handled properly so that the sufferer feels better. Uterine prolapse stages II and III were chosen by vaginal hysterectomy and accompanied by anterior colporaphy and kolpoperineorafi, especially if the patient has menopause, or no longer needs reproductive organs. Conclusion, although not life threatening, genital prolapse can reduce a woman’s quality of life.

Key word: Prolap genitalia, quality of life for women


Keywords


Prolap alat genital, kualitas hidup wanita

Full Text:

PDF

References


Rizkar M. Prolap Uteri. In: Junizaf and Santoso BI (eds) Buku Ajar Uroginekologi Indonesia. Jakarta: Himpunan Uroginekologi Indonesia Bagian Obstetri dan Ginekologi FKUI, 2011, pp.29-37.

Hacker NF, Gambone JC and Hobel CJ. Hacker & Moore's Essentials of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Elsevier Health Sciences, 2015.

Junizaf. Buku Ajar Uroginekologi Indonesia. Jakarta: Himpunan Uroginekologi Indonesia Bagian Obstetri Ginekologi FKUI, 2011.

Callahan TL and Caughey AB. Blueprints Obstetrics and Gynecology. 7th ed.: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2017, p.1312.

Raz S and Rodriguez LV. Female Urology. 3 ed.: Elsevier Health Sciences, 2008, p.1056.

Berek JS. Berek & Novak's Gynecology. 15 ed.: Lippincott: Williams & Wilkins, 2012.

Pangastuti N, S. DCR, Santoso BI, et al. Gambaran Faktor Risiko Prolaps Organ Panggul Pasca Persalinan Vaginal di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Majalah Kedokteran Bandung 2018; 50. DOI: 10.15395/mkb.v50n2.1321.

Leveno KJ, Spong CY, Dashe JS, et al. Williams Obstetrics. 25 ed.: McGraw-Hill Education, 2018, p.1344.

Cardozo L. Prolapse. Urogynecology the king's approach. Churchill Livingstone, 1977, pp.321-346.

Wall L. Incontinence, Prolapse, and Disorder of the Pelvic Floor. In: JS. B, EY. A and PA. H (eds) Novak's Gynecology. 2 ed. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 1996, pp.619-663.

Rock J and Thompson J. Surgical Correction of Defects in Pelvic Support. In: JA R and JD T (eds) Te linde's Operative Gynecology. 8 ed. New York: Lippincott-Raven, 1977, pp.951-1077.

Junizaf. Kelainan letak alat-alat genital. In: H W (ed) Ilmu Kandungan. Jakarta: Yayasan Bina Pustaka, 1997, pp.420-446.

Petros PEP. The Female Pelvic Floor. 2 ed.: Springer, 2007, p.279.

Hamamah J and Pangastuti N. Karakteristik Pasien Prolaps Uteri di RSUP Dr. Sardjito Yogyakarta Tahun 2013. Jurnal Kesehatan Reproduksi 2017; 4: 17-22.

Uzoma A and Farag KA. Vaginal Vault Prolapse. Obstetrics and Gynecology International 2009; 2009: 9. DOI: 10.1155/2009/275621.

Sayko SK, Kurniawati EM and Lestari P. Age as the Risk Factor that Affected the Increased Degree of Uterine Prolapse. Biomolecular and Health Science Journal 2018.

Kim S, Harvey M-A and Johnston S. A Review of the Epidemiology and Pathophysiology of Pelvic Floor Dysfunction: Do Racial Differences Matter? Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada 2005; 27.

Renata I, Rizkar M, R. L, et al. Perbandingan Kerapatan Kolagen Ligamentum Sakrouterina pada Pasien dengan dan tanpa Prolaps Uteri. Majalah Kedokteran Bandung 2015; 47. DOI: 10.15395/mkb.v47n4.624.

Bent AE, Ostergard DR, Cundiff GW, et al. Ostergard's Urogynecology & Pelvic Floor Dysfunction. 5 ed.: Lippincott: Williams & Wilkins, 2003, p.587.

Barrington J and Edwards G. Posthysterectomy Vault Prolapse. International Urogynecology Journal 2000: 241-245.

Timmons M, Addison W, Addison S, et al. Abdominal Sacral Colpoxy in 163 Women with Posthysterectomy vaginal vault prolapse and enterocele. The Journal Reproductive Medicine 1992: 323-337.

Pratiwi KYM and Putra IGM. Prolaps Organ Panggul. Open Journal System Universitas Udayana.

Bump R, Mattiason A and Brubaker L. The Standardization of terminology of female pelvic organ prolapse and pelvic floor dysfunction. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 1996: 10-17.

Haylen BT, Mather CF, Barber MD, et al. An International Urogynecological Association (IUGA) / International Continence Society (ICS) joint report on the terminology for female pelvic organ prolapse (POP). International Urogynecology Journal 2016; 27. DOI: 10.1002/nau.22922.

Weber MA, Kleijn MH, Langendam M, et al. Local Oestrogen for Pelvic Floor Disorders: A Systematic Review. PLoS ONE 2015. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0136265.

Jin PY, Kyung KM, Jinae L, et al. Manchester Operation: An Effective Treatment for Uterine Prolapse Caused by True Cervical Elongation. Yonsei Medical Journal 2019; 60. DOI: 10.3349/ymj.2019.60.11.1074.

Virkud A. Conservative Operations in Genital Prolapse. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology India 2016; 66. DOI: 10.1007/s13224-016-0909-8.

Khiong K, Sasmita PK, Atmodjo WL, et al. Kamus Saku Kedokteran Dorland. In: H. YB, N. WK, Ardy, et al., (eds.). 29 ed. Singapura: Elsevier, 2015.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24198/obgynia.v4i2s.268

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.





     
     

Creative Commons License
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology Science is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License
  Web Analytics
  View My Stat