Pencegahan Abortus pada Awal Kehamilan

Nuswil Bernolian, Wim T. Pangemanan, Ahmad Kurdi Syamsuri, M. Hatta Ansyori, Putri Mirani, Peby Maulina Lestari, Abarham Martadiansyah, Cindy Kesty


Abortus merupakan suatu kejadian terminasi kehamilan dengan usia kehamilan <20 minggu dan berat janin <500 g. Angka kejadian abortus disebutkan sekitar 15% dari seluruh kehamilan. Terdapat beberapa faktor risiko abortus yaitu faktor risiko yang dapat dimodifikasi dan tidak dapat dimodifikasi. Beberapa faktor risiko yang dapat dimodifikasi yaitu faktor nutrisi, konsumsi kafein, alkohol, kebiasaan merokok, infeksi, paparan radiasi, beban kerja, dan pengaruh obat-obatan. Beberapa faktor risiko yang tidak dapat dimodifikasi, yaitu genetik, kelainan kongenital, dan lain-lain. Dengan mengetahui faktor risiko tersebut, dokter dapat melakukan pencegahan dan intervensi yang sesuai dengan kondisi masing-masing pasien yang mengalami abortus. Metode yang digunakan adalah tinjauan pustaka dengan menggunakan beberapa database seperti Pubmed, Wiley Online Library, dan ScienceDirect dari 10 tahun terakhir.

Prevention of Miscarriage in Early Pregnancy

Miscarriage is an event of termination of pregnancy with < 20 weeks of gestation and fetal weight < 500 grams. The incidence of miscarriage is around 15% of all pregnancies. There are several risk factors for miscarriage, namely modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. Some modifiable risk factors are nutritional factors, consumption of caffeine, alcohol, smoking habit, infection, radiation exposure, workload, and the influence of drugs. Several risk factors that can not be modified, namely genetics, congenital abnormalities, and others. By knowing these risk factors, doctors can carry out prevention and intervention according to the conditions of each patient who undergoes miscarriage. The method used is a literature review using several databases such as Pubmed, Wiley Online Library, and ScienceDirect from the last 10 years.

Key words: miscarriage, prevention, risk factors, pregnancy.


abortus, pencegahan, faktor risiko, kehamilan.

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