The Relation Between Prenatal Maternal Stress and Sleep Quality of Pregnant Women in Palembang

Raissa Nurwany, Rachellida Niapulina, Alfian Hasbi, Syifa Alkaf, Budi Santoso, Swanny Swanny


Abstract


Objective: The aim of this research is to know incidence and relationship between prenatal maternal stress and sleep quality in pregnant women in Palembang City. This study also aims to determine the factors that influence prenatal maternal stress.
Method: Observational analytic study by collecting questionnaires on October 18 - November 19, 2022 in 6 puskesmas in Palembang City. This study used Pregnancy Stress Rating Scale (PSRS) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), followed by calculating the Prevalence Risk.
Results: In this study, the results obtained were that of 56 pregnant women in Palembang City, 57.1% experienced stress (mild stress (51.8%) and moderate stress (5.3%)). There were 39.3% of pregnant women with good sleep quality and 60.7% with poor sleep quality. It was found that there was a significant relationship between prenatal maternal stress and sleep quality of pregnant women (PR=4.350; 95% CI; (1.979 – 9.564; p= 0.000). There was a significant relationship between the age of pregnant women and prenatal maternal stress (PR= 0.323; 95) % CI: (0.168 – 0.612); p=0.000) and a significant relationship between maternal work and prenatal maternal stress (PR= 0.425; 95% CI: (0.198 – 0.913); p = 0.013)
Conclusion: 57.1% of pregnant women in Palembang experienced stress and 60.7% have poor sleep quality. There was significant relationship between prenatal maternal stress and sleep quality in pregnant women in Palembang City. Factors that influence prenatal maternal stress, namely age and mother's occupation.

Hubungan antara Prenatal Maternal Stress dan Kualitas Tidur Ibu Hamil di Kota Palembang

Abstract
Tujuan: Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui insidensi dan hubungan antara prenatal maternal stress dan kualitas tidur pada ibu hamil di Kota Palembang. Penelitian ini juga bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi prenatal maternal stress.
Metode: Penelitian analitik observasional dengan mengumpulkan kuisioner pada tanggal 18 Oktober - 19 November 2022 di 6 puskesmas di Kota Palembang. Penelitian ini menggunakan Pregnancy Stress Rating Scale (PSRS) dan Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) yang kemudian dilanjutkan penghitungan Prevalence Risk .
Hasil: Pada penelitian ini diperoleh hasil, dari 56 ibu hamil di Kota Palembang sebanyak 57,1% mengalami stres (stres ringan (51,8%) dan stres sedang (5,3%)). Terdapat 39,3% ibu hamil dengan kualitas tidur baik dan 60,7% dengan kualitas tidur buruk. Ditemukan bahwa ada hubungan signifikan antara prenatal maternal stress dan kualitas tidur ibu hamil (PR=4.350; 95% CI; (1.979 – 9.564; p= 0,000). Terdapat hubungan signifikan antara usia ibu hamil dengan prenatal maternal stress (PR= 0,323; 95% CI: (0.168 – 0.612); p=0,000) dan hubungan yang signifikan antara pekerjaan ibu dengan prenatal maternal stress (PR= 0.425; 95% CI: (0.198 – 0.913); p = 0,013)
Kesimpulan: Sebanyak 57,1% ibu hamil di kota Palembang mengalami stres dan 60,7% memiliki kualitas tidur buruk. Terdapat hubungan signifikan antara prenatal maternal stress dan kualitas tidur pada ibu hamil di Kota Palembang. Faktor yang mempengaruhi  prenatal maternal stress, yaitu usia dan pekerjaan ibu.

Kata kunci: Ibu hamil, Prenatal Maternal Stress, Kualitas Tidur


Keywords


Pregnant women, Prenatal Maternal Stress, Sleep Quality

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24198/obgynia.v6i1.467

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