Hubungan Tingkat Keparahan Infeksi Covid-19 pada Wanita Hamil dengan Luaran Maternal dan Perinatal di RSUPP Betun Kabupaten Malaka

Iwan Heryawan, Dini Hidayat, Hadi Susiarno


Abstract


Tujuan: Tingkat keparahan infeksi Covid-19 pada wanita hamil bisa menyebabkan luaran maternal dan perinatal yang berbeda-beda. Tujuan dalam penelitian ini yaitu mengetahui hubungan tingkat keparahan infeksi Covid-19 pada wanita hamil dengan luaran maternal dan perinatal.
Metode: Penelitian menggunakan metode cross-sectional. Sampel berjumlah 90 orang. Pengambilan data berupa data rekam medis dengan instrumen menggunakan lembar ceklist mengenai luaran maternal dan luaran perinatal.
Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan luaran maternal pada kelompok variabel hipertensi, persalinan prematur, obesitas, dan mortalitas lebih besar dari 0,05 (nilai p>0,05) yang berarti tidak signifikan atau tidak bermakna secara statistik. Hasil luaran maternal pada kelompok variabel preeklampsia dan ketuban pecah dini lebih kecil dari 0,05 (nilai p<0,05) yang berarti signifikan atau bermakna secara statistik. Dengan demikian, dapat dijelaskan bahwa terdapat perbedaan persentase yang signifikan. Pada luaran perinatal variabel berat badan perinatal, derajat asfiksia dan mortalitas perinatal lebih kecil dari 0,05 (nilai p<0.05) yang berarti signifikan atau bermakna secara statistik dengan demikian dapat dijelaskan bahwa terdapat perbedaan persentase yang signifikan secara statistik antara variabel berat badan perinatal, derajat asfiksia, dan mortalitas perinatal pada kelompok tingkat keparahan infeksi Covid-19.
Kesimpulan: Terdapat hubungan bermakna antara tingkat keparahan infeksi Covid-19 dan luaran maternal pada kelompok prekemlasia dan ketuban pecah dini. Terdapat Hubungan bermakna antara tingkat keparahan infeksi Covid-19 dan luaran perinatal pada berat badan perinatal, derajat asfiksia, dan mortalitas perinatal.

Correlation between Severity Level of Covid-19 Infection in Pregnant Women and Maternal and Perinatal Outcomes at RSUPP Betun Kabupaten Malaka

Abstract
Objective: The severity of Covid-19 infection in pregnant women can cause different maternal and perinatal outcomes. So the aim of this study was to correlation determine the severity of Covid-19 infection in pregnant women against maternal and perinatal outcomes.
Method: Research using cross-sectional method. The sample is 90 people. Data collection was in the form of medical record data with instruments using checklist sheets regarding maternal and perinatal outcomes.
Results: The results showed that maternal outcomes in the variable group hypertension, preterm labor, obesity and mortality were greater than 0.05 (p value> 0.05), which was not significant or not statistically significant. Meanwhile, the maternal outcome in the variable group of preeclampsia and premature rupture of membranes was less than 0.05 (p value <0.05), which was significant or statistically significant, thus it could be explained that there was a significant percentage difference. In the perinatal outcome, the variables of perinatal weight, degree of asphyxia and perinatal mortality were less than 0.05 (p value <0.05) which means significant or statistically significant. Thus it can be explained that there is a statistically significant percentage difference between the variables of perinatal weight, degree of asphyxia and perinatal mortality in the Covid-19 infection severity group.
Conclusion: There is a significant relationship between the severity of Covid-19 infection and maternal outcomes in the pre-eclampsia and premature rupture of membranes groups. There is a significant relationship between the severity of Covid-19 infection and perinatal outcomes in perinatal weight, degree of asphyxia and perinatal mortality.

Key words: Covid-19 infection severity, maternal outcome, perinatal outcome.


Keywords


Keparahan infeksi Covid-19, Luaran maternal, Luaran perinatal

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24198/obgynia.v7i1.566

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