Profil dan Karakteristik Penderita Tumor Trofoblas Gestasional di RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Periode 2021

Muhamad Bagja Ramadhan, Siti Salima, Andi Kurniadi, Gatot Nyarumenteng Adhipurnawan Winarno, Ali Budi Harsono


Abstract


Tujuan: Tumor trofoblas gestasional (TTG) adalah suatu bentuk keganasan ginekologi pada hidatidosa yang diakibatkan oleh adanya abnormalitas proliferasi sel trofoblas. Insidensi TTG di negara Asia Tenggara ialah 9,2:40000 kehamilan. Beberapa faktor yang mempengaruhi perkembangan TTG diantaranya ialah riwayat kehamilan, usia dan kadar b-hcg. Namun hingga saat ini profil pasien TTG masih terbatas, oleh karenanya penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis profil dan karakteristik pasien TTG di RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung.
Metode: Metode penelitian ini ialah deskriptif kuantitatif, dengan menggunakan data sekunder yang berasal dari rekam medis pasien. Seluruh pasien yang didiagnosis TTG pada periode 2021 menjadi sampel pada penelitian ini. Variabel penelitian ini ialah status sosiodemografi, faktor risiko, gambaran klinis, dan gambaran terapi.
Hasil: Jumlah sampel pada penelitian ini ialah 66 pasien. Sebanyak 53,03% pasien berusia 20-35 tahun. Sebanyak 55 pasien datang dalam kondisi stadium I (83,33%) sedangkan berdasarkan skoring FIGO sebanyak 42 pasien (63,63%) merupakan pasien dengan risiko rendah. Metastasis paru terjadi pada 7 pasien (20,61%).
Kesimpulan: Mayoritas pasien TTG berusia 20-35 tahun dan tidak bekerja. Secara gambaran klinis; stadium I dan risiko rendah sering ditemukan. Kemoterapi dominan dipilih, serta multi-agent lebih sering digunakan.

Profile and Characteristics GTN cases in Hasan Sadikin General Hospital in 2021 Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasma

Abstract
Objective: Gestational trophoblastic tumor (TTG) is a form of hydatidiform gynecologic malignancy caused by abnormal trophoblast cell proliferation. The incidence of TTG in Southeast Asian countries is 9.2:40000 pregnancies. Several factors that influence the development of TTG include a history of pregnancy, age and levels of b-hCG. However, until now the profile of TTG patients is still limited, therefore this study aims to analyze the profiles of TTG patients at Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung.
Methods: This research method is descriptive quantitative, using secondary data derived from the patient's medical record. All patients diagnosed with TTG in the period 2021 were sampled in this study. The variables of this study were sociodemographic status, risk factors, clinical features, and therapeutic features.
Results: The number of samples in this study was 66 patients. A total of 53.03% of patients aged 20-35 years. A total of 55 patients came in stage I condition (83.33%) while based on FIGO scoring 42 patients (63.63%) were low risk patients. Pulmonary metastases occurred in 7 patients (20.61%).
Conclusion: The majority of TTG patients are aged 20-35 years and do not work. In the clinical picture; stage I and low risk are common. Predominant chemotherapy is chosen, and multi-agent is used more often.

Key words: Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia, Patient Profile, Hydatidiform mole, Gynecological Malignancy





Keywords


Tumor Trofoblas Gestasional; Kanker Ginekologi; Onkologi Ginekologi

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24198/obgynia.v5i2.380

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