Rasio Low Density Lipoprotein dan High Density Lipoprotein pada Preeklamsi Berat dibandingkan dengan Kehamilan Normal di Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung

Amran Amrullah, Budi Handono, Akhmad Yogi Pramatirta

Abstract


Abstract
Objective: This study aims to distinguish level of  (LDL/HDL)  and Low Density Lipoprotein/High Density Lipoprotein  ratio in severe preeclampsia patient compared to normal pregnancy.
Method:  The study design was comparative cross-sectional study with consecutive sampling method that compared the laboratory results of LDL, HDL and ratio LDL/HDL that met the inclusion criteria. Subjects of this study were severe preeclampsia and normal pregnancy patient that fulfilled the inclusion criteria (n=60) in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung during August-September 2017.
Result: It is revealed that the differences in level of LDL and LDL/HDL ratios in both groups were significant with p value ≤ 0,05. But there were no differences in HDL level. Increased level of LDL/HDL ratio in pregnancy was related to increased risk of preeclampsia with cut-off point> 2,632. If the increased level of LDL/HDL above cut-off point then the insident of severe preeclampsia increased 21,36 times.
Conclusion: It was concluded that level of LDL and LDL/HDL ratios in severe preeclampsia were higher than in normal pregnancy. The increased LDL/HDL ratio of > 2.632 increased the risk of severe preeclampsia by 21.36 times.

Key words: Preeclampsia, LDL, HDL, LDL/HDL ratio




Abstrak
Tujuan: Penelitian ini adalah untuk mencari perbedaan rasio Low Density Lipoprotein/High Density Lipoprotein (LDL/HDL) pada preeklamsi berat dibandingkan dengan kehamilan normal sebagai faktor risiko timbulnya preeklamsi.
Metode: Rancangan penelitian kasus kontrol membandingkan LDL, HDL, dan rasio LDL/HDL penderita preeklamsi berat dan kehamilan normal (n=60) bulan Agustus-September 2017 di Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung.
Hasil: Hasil penelitian didapatkan perbedaan kadar LDL dan rasio LDL/HDL pada kedua kelompok secara bermakna dengan nilai p ≤0,05. Namun tidak didapatkan perbedaan yang bermakna pada kadar HDL. Peningkatan kadar LDL dan rasio LDL/HDL berhubungan dengan peningkatan risiko terjadinya preeklamsi dengan nilai cut-off > 2,632. Bila terjadi peningkatan rasio LDL/HDL diatas nilai cut-off maka risiko tejadinya preeklamsi berat sebesar 21,36 kali.
Simpulan: Kadar LDL yang tinggi dan nilai cut-off rasio LDL/HDL >2,632 meningkatkan risiko terjadinya preeklamsi berat 21,36 kali

Kata Kunci: Preeklamsi, LDL, HDL, Rasio LDL/HDL

Keywords


Preeklamsi, LDL, HDL, Rasio LDL/HDL

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24198/obgynia.v2n1.79

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Alamat Redaksi

 

KSM/Dep Obstetri & Ginekologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Padjadjaran RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin

Jl. Pasteur No 38 Bandung 40161 

Telp: 0813-2012-9954

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