Pengaruh Vaksin BCG dalam Meningkatkan Proses Segresi Seluler pada Lesi Prakanker Serviks Uteri Derajat Rendah

Yudi Mulyana Hidayat, Putu Giri Saputro, Dodi Suardi, Gatot N. A. Winarno, Siti Salima, Ali Budi Harsono

Abstract


Tujuan: Penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis peranan pemberian vaksin bacille calmette-guerin (BCG) terhadap proses regresi seluler pada lesi prakanker serviks uteri derajat rendah
Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimental dengan rancangan pretest (IVA dan Histopatologi) - posttest (IVA dan Test HPV DNA) with control design di Poliklinik Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung pada bulan Desember 2017-Maret 2018.
Hasil: Untuk pemeriksaan IVA bulan ke-0 pada kelompok BCG kategori positif sebanyak 9 (100.0%) sedangkan untuk pemeriksaan IVA bulan ke-3 pada kelompok BCG kategori positif sebanyak 3 (33.3%) dan negatif menjadi sebanyak 6 (66.7%), pemeriksaan tes HPV DNA bulan ke 12 pada kelompok BCG kategori positif HPV DNA High Risk tidak ditemukan ( 0 % ). Hasil uji statistik pada kelompok perlakuan diperoleh nilai p<0.05. Untuk pemeriksaan IVA bulan ke-0 pada kelompok plasebo kategori positif sebanyak 9 (100.0%) sedangkan untuk pemeriksaan IVA bulan ke-3 pada kelompok plasebo kategori positif sebanyak 8 (88.9%) dan negatif menjadi sebanyak 1 (11.1%). pemeriksaan tes HPV DNA bulan ke 12 kelompok BCG kategori positif HPV DNA High Risk sebanyak  1 orang ( 11,1%). Hasil uji statistik pada kelompok kontrol diperoleh informasi nilai p>0.05.
Kesimpulan: Terdapat peranan pemberian vaksin BCG terhadap regresi seluler lesi prakanker serviks derajat rendah.

The effect of Bacille Calmette-Guerin vaccine on regression of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia-1

Abstract
Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the role of Baccile Calmete Guerin (BCG) vaccines delivery in low grade precancerous cervical lesions.
Methods: The design of the study was a pretest and posttest experimental with control, done at Hasan Sadikin Hospital Bandung Outpatient Clinic during December 2017–March 2018.
Result: Patients with positive VIA test in the intervention group in month-0 were 9 patients (100.0%), in month-3 were 3 patients (33.33%) and the other 6 patients (66.7%) changed into negative. Patients with positive VIA test in the control group in month-0 were 9 patients (100.0%), in month 3 were 8 patients (88.9%) and the other 1 patients (11.1%) changed into negative. The result of statistical analysis in the intervention group was p<0.05. The result of statistical analysis in the control group was p>0.05.
Conclusion: : there is a role of BCG vaccine in low grade precancerous cervical lesions.

Key words: BCG vaccine, VIA test, Low grade cervical precancerous lesions.


Keywords


Vaksin BCG, pemeriksaan IVA, tes HPV DNA, lesi prakanker serviks derajat rendah.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24198/obgynia/v3n2.82

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KSM/Dep Obstetri & Ginekologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Padjadjaran RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin

Jl. Pasteur No 38 Bandung 40161 

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