Hubungan Kualitas Hidup dan Kebutuhan Perawatan Paliatif Pasien Kanker Ginekologi di Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin

Rizna Tyrani Rumanti, Akhmad Yogi Pramatirta, Ali Budi Harsono, Jusuf Sulaeman Effendi


Tujuan: Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui bagaimana hubungan kualitas hidup dan kebutuhan perawatan paliatif pada pasien kanker ginekologi.       
Metode: Subjek penelitian ini adalah seluruh pasien kanker ginekologi yang dirawat di Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung pada bulan November-Desember 2018. Penelitian ini merupakan studi analitik dengan rancangan cross sectional. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis secara bivariat dengan menggunakan chi square dengan α = 0,05, untuk mengetahui hubungan antara kualitas hidup dengan kebutuhan perawatan paliatif.
Hasil: Karakteristik subjek terbanyak berusia > 50 tahun (65,67%), pendidikan dasar (70,15%), ibu rumah tangga (89,55%), pendapatan di atas upah minimum regional (61,19 %), tujuan rawat inap kemoterapi (47,76%) dan tipe kanker karsinoma serviks (43,28%). Subjek penelitian dengan skor paliatif ≥ 4 sebanyak 25 orang (37,31%). Keluhan yang terbanyak adalah berat badan turun dan tidak nafsu makan (86,57 %). Kualitas hidup pasien kategori baik sebanyak 29 orang, sedang 36 orang, dan kurang 2 orang. Kualitas hidup pasien kanker ginekologi berhubungan dengan kebutuhan perawatan paliatif dengan nilai signifikansi p 0,004.
Simpulan: Kualitas hidup berhubungan dengan skor paliatif. Semakin rendah skor paliatif maka kualitas hidup semakin baik.

Relations of  Quality of Life and Characteristics of Gynecological Cancer Patients In Hasan Sadikin Hospital

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of gynecological cancer patients, determine the quality of life of all gynecological cancer patients and to asses the correlation of quality of life and palliative care needs in gynecological cancer patients.
Method: The subjects of this study were all gynecological cancer patients who were treated at Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital Bandung in November-December 2018. This study was an analytic study with a cross sectional design. Data obtained from the study were analyzed bivariately using chi square with α = 0.05, to determine the relationship between quality of life and palliative care needs.
Results: The most characteristics of the subjects were with age> 50 years (65.67%), primary education (70.15%), housewives (89.55%) with income above the regional minimum wage (61.19%), the main goal of hospitalization is chemotherapy (47.76%) and the most types of cancer are cervical carcinoma (43.28%). The research subjects who had a palliative score of ≥ 4 were 25 people (37.31%). The most complaints were weight loss and no appetite (86.57%). The quality of life of patients with good category was 29 people, medium category was 36 people and poor category was 2 people. The quality of life of gynecological cancer patients has correlation with palliative care needs with a significance value of p 0.004.
Conclusion: Quality of life has correlation with palliative scores, the lower the palliative score, the better the quality of life.

Key words: Gynecological cancer; quality of life; palliative score


Kanker ginekologi; kualitas hidup; skor paliatif

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